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Monday, April 22, 2013

How to perform basic First Aid for Cuts and Scrapes?

We all need help at times in our lives.Sometimes we may have accidents and we may get hurt.When we are injured or suddenly become unwell,and we may get hurt.We need someone to help us-someone who knows what to do.It is the temporary and immediate help.
This timely assistance,comprising of simple medical techniques is most critical to the victims and is ofter,life saving.Any lay person can be trained to administer first aid.This First Aid can be carried out using minimal equipments.First Aid Knowledge ranges from taking care of cuts to dealing with an unconscious victim.

Cuts and Scrapes:-
                                   Handling minor accidents at home or on the road develops a sense of crisis. management.This may prepare people to tackle with unexpected emergencies with great confidence.Minor cuts and scrapes usually do not need to go the emergency room.Yet proper care is essential to avoid infection or other complications.
                                              Following guidelines can help you to handle crisis can take care of all.

1-Stop the bleeding:
                                   Minor cuts and scrapes usually do not stop bleeding on their.If they don't,apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or bandage.Hold the pressure continuously for 20 to 30 second and if possible elevate the wound.Don't keep checking to see if the bleeding stopped because this may damage or dislodge the clot that is forming and cause bleeding to resume.If blood scrups or continues flowing after continuous pressure,seek medical assistance.

2-Clean the wound:            
                                Rinse out the wound with clear water.To clean the area around the wound,use soap and a washcloth.But soap can irritate the wound,so try to keep it out of the actual wound.If dirt or debris remains in the wound after washing,use tweezers cleaned with alcohol to  remove the particles.If debris still remains,see your doctor.Through cleansing reduces the risk of infection and tetanus.


3-Apply an antibiotic:
                                    After you clean the   wound,apply a thin layer of an antibiotic cream or ointment to help keep the surface moist.The products don't make the wound heal faster but they can help your body's natural healing process work fast.Certain ingredients in some ointments can  cause a mild rash in some people.If a rash appears stop using the ointment.


   4-Cover the wound:
                                             Bandages can help keep the wound clean and keep harmful bacteria out.After the wound has healed enough to make the infection unlikely,exposure to the air will speed wound healing.

              5-Change the dressing:
                                                                                                                   Change the dressing at least daily or whenever it becomes wet or dirty.If you are allergic to the adhesive used in most bandages,switch to the adhesive-free dressings or sterile guaze held in place with paper tape gauze roll or a loosely applied elastic bandage.These supplies generally are available at pharmacies. 


6-Watch for signs of infection:
                                         See the doctor if the wound is not healing or you notice any redness,increasing pain,drainage,warmth or swelling.

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