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Friday, October 26, 2012

Education in Pakistan:-Educational reforms and planning

At the time of independence,only two of the twenty-one universities of undivided India came to Pakistan's share.In East Pakistan there were 29000 primary schools out of 39000.The ratio was reversed at the secondary level as West Pakistan had 5500 schools out of 9000.The N.W.F.P and Balochistan had little more than 100 primary schools each.There were few secondary schools and only one intermediate college.On aggregate the new country had 83 colleges,3 Engineering colleges,108 teachers training schools and 71 technical,industrial and agricultural institution...
                                 The administrative framework of the educational system in Pakistan was neither broad based nor efficient.From 1947 to 1955 education was the responsibility of the local bodies.However,after the one unit scheme education came under the provincial administration.The situation remained static during the formative years.Reforms and planning were haphazard and uncoordinated.Education policy from 1947 to 1958 was the symbol of political instability and choas that prevailed in the country.
                                                                                     The first educational conference was in Pakistan was held in November,1947.The Quaid-e-Azam outlined and educational philosophy which incorporated both the fundamentals of Islamic traditions and modern science and technology.
                                                                             The conference made a number of recommendations meant to make the educational system stronger and relevant to country's needs.Among other things it suggested curriculum revision,diversification of courses,compulsory religious instructions and development of administrative machinery.
                                    From 1947 to 1958 no meaningful reforms were introduced.Uncoordinated changes were made only to the extent of curriculum in the primary and lower secondary levels.Very little attentions was paid to higher education with no innovation.However,in later years especially during the Ayub era.efforts were made to transform the educational system in a planned and systematic manner.Some of the important reforms of that era are National commission on education (1959),commission on students problems and welfare (1964).National commission on Man power and education (1969),New educational policy (1970)and National educational policy (1979)...................

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