Defintions differ as the point of view differs which shapes them.To the cynic journalism is merely a trade;to a idealist it shines a responsibility and a privilege.
Said Leslie Stephens :"Journalism consists of writing for pay on matters of which you are ignorant".
Says Eric Hodgins Of Time magazine:"Journalism is the conveying of information from here to there accuracy,insight and despatch,and in such a manner that the truth is served,and the rightness of the things is made slowly,even if not immediately more evident".
Both concepts of journalism flourish under guarantees of freedom,whether such guarantees are deserved or not.The one philosophy holds:"Give the public what it wants," the other, "Give the public the truth it must have".
A free press must be free from any compulsions,governmental or social.As Milton pointed out in his great plea for freedom to publish,it is impossible to determine whose judgement shall decide what is good and worthy for the public to read.Only public support can be accepted as a safe criterion;the unworthy publications will find new readers who derive benefit from them and will son cease to exist..!
Freedom of speech and of the press are not ends in themselves.They merely enable people to express freely their thoughts on events so as to bring forth the best possible decision out all shades of opinion-it is not merely "freedom from" but "freedom for"
The battle for freedom of thought and expression known no armistice:the fight to safeguard it is a continuing warfare so long as forces opposed to such freedom exist in he world.No editor,no commentator,no author can accept freedom of expression with complacency.Practically all countries now entangled in the web of controlled information were once free from it and had feeling."It can't happen here".
Even war does not abolish the freedom of the press;it merely restricts it.When a nation's security is at stake,the general safety demands the suspensions of some civil liberties and the curbing of others.
In wartime,this freedom does not perfect the right to publish material that would undermine the public morale,encourage men to refuse to fight or give information to the enemy.
In peacetime and in wartime there are,of course,some freedoms which the press has never had the freedom,for example to be libelous or obscene..!!!!