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Wednesday, February 15, 2012

Features of style

Style text and Frequency:-Features of Style
 The term "feature" has occured many times in this chapter.We defineit simply as the occurence in  a text of linguistic or stylistic category.Examples of linguistic categories are "nasal consonant","noun,"transitive verb","question","negative","future","colour term".Examples of stylistic categories are balanced sentence,"alliteration,"personification".Stylistic categories are more complex phenomena which are often difficult to define,but which are assumed to be describable in tems of linguistic categories,although they are not necessary part of the description of a language.Wee need to refer to them beacause they are a significant element of style,but we shall not in general distinguish them formally from linguistic categories......
                                           Linguistic categories are essentially contrastive and therefore their occurence entails the non-occurence of other categories:for example the occurence of a nasal consonant entails the non-occurence of a fricative consonant,a stop consonant,or a vowel.The contrastive nature of linuguistic categories is clear in cases where the category label contains two words:for example transitive verb obviously contrasts with other types of verb.In cases where there is only one term (eg noun) there is always an omitted generic term:a noun would be explicitly labelled a "noun word"; a question,"a question sentence",and so on.It is the part of the function of a linguistic theory, and of its linguistic description of the English language,to specify what linguistic categories there are and what are the contrastive relations between them.We shall not attempt a detailed account of linguistic categories in this book,but will use as far as possible those which are well enough known not to need explaination in terms of some linguistic theory.

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