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Saturday, February 11, 2012

Approaches and methods:-Style and choice,The domain of style

The task of this chapter is to investigate the phenomenon of style in general terms,and so to prepare the ground for the analysis of its various aspects and manifestations in later chapters.We must take account of the various ways in which the word "style"has been used in the past:but we should be wary of becoming slaves to verbal definition.Definition are useful theory of the phenomena one wishes to study.They can broaden and narrow,illuminate or inhibit the understanding of verbal artistry.So We shall aim to work through definitions towards a richer appreciation of what literary style is and how it can best be analysed............
The Domain of style:-In it's most general interpretation,the word style has fairly uncontroversial meaning:it refers to the way in which language is used in a given context,by a given person,for a given purpose,and so on.To clarify this,we may adopt the Swiss Linguist Saussre's distinction between langue and parole langue being the code or system of rules common to speakers of a language,and parole being the particular uses of this system,or selections from this system,that speakers or writers make on this that occasion.One may say,for example,that certain English expressions belong to the official style of weather forecasting while other expressions belong to the style every day conversational remarks about the weather.Style,then pertains to parole:it is selection from a total linguistic repertoire that constitutes a style.This definition does not take us very far,however.In what follows,we shall narrow the scope of the term to something more adapted to the present purpose.
                             In purpose,writers on style have differed a great deal in their understanding of the subject and one source of disagreement has been the question "to what or whom do we attribute style?"In the broadest sense,style can be applied to both spoken and written,both literary and non-literary varieties of language;but by tradition,it is particularly associated with written literary texts,and this is the sense of the term which all concern us....
                                   Within the field of literary writing,there is again scope for varying definition and emphasis.Some times the term has been applied to the Linguistics habits of a particularly writer;at other time it has been applied to the way language is used in a particularly genre,period school of writing ,or some combination of these:'epistolary style"'early eighteenth-century style','euphistic style', early torian novels,etc...
All these uses of seem natural and servicable.It would be artificial to limit our understanding of style to one of them,let us say authorial style,and exclude the others.The only assumption one makes in using such expressions is that in corpus of writings referred to there are some characteristics uses of language,which are capable of abstraction as a style................

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